Section 7. Vocabulary

7. Vocabulary
7.1 English- Lingala vocabulary
A
about – ba
affair – mpo
after – sima
afternoon – sima nzanga
air – mopepe
alcoholic drink – masanga
all – banso
alone – ngai moko
already – esi, osi
and – na, pe
animal(s) – niama (baniama)
answer – eyano
appropriate – ndenge elongobani
antelope – mboloko
ash – putulu
aubergine – ngungutu
axe – soka

B
back pain – mpasi ya mukongo
back(s) (animal, person) – mokongo (mikongo)
bad – mabe
bald-headed – libandi
ball – bale
bamboo – mbanzi
banana – bitabe
bank – bank
baptism – batisimu
bar (drinking) – nganda
basket – ekolo
bat – ngembo
beach – libongo
beans – madesu
beard – mandefu
beautiful – kitoko
because – po
bed – mbeto
beef – nyama ya ngombe
behind – eleki, sima
bench – etanda
bill (restaurant) – motuya
billy goat – ntaba mobali
bird(s) – ndeke (bandeke)
birth – mbotama
bit – ndambo
black – langi ya mwindu
blind (vision) – mololanda
blood – makila
body (person) – nzoto
boil (cooking) – matungana
bone(s) – mokuwa (mikuwa), mukuwa (mikuwa)
bonnet (car) – capo
book – buku
boot – botte
bottle(s) – molangi (milangi)
brain – bongo
bread – lipa
breast milk – mabele
breast(s) – mabele (libele)
bridge – etalaka
broad – monene
broom – komba
brother(s) – ndeko (bandeko)
brother-in-law – bokilo
buffalo – mpakasa, nzale
bull – ngombe mobali
business (firm) – mombongo
but – kasi
butter – mateka

C
car(s) – motuka (mituka)
card – kalati
carpenter – kabinda
cartridge – lisasi
cassava – nsongo
cassava chips – cossettes
cassava flour – fufu
cassava loaf – chicwangue
cassava paste – kimpuka (bimpuka)
cat – niao, pusi
ceiling – plafond
cemetery – lilita
chair – kiti
charcoal – makala
charms – nkisi
chat(s) – lisolo (masolo)
cheap, imported fish – mpiodi
cheek(s) – litama (matama)
chef – cuisinair
chemist – magazini ya kisi
chicken – soso
chief – sefu
child (children) – mwana (bana)
child soldier – kadago
chimp – mokomboso
chocolate – chocolat
choice – boponi
cholera – pulupulu ya nsomo
church – ndako nzambe
cigarette – likaya
cinema – sinema
city – engumba
classroom – kelasi
clay – potopoto
clean – bopeto
clear cooking oil – mafuta ya mabila
climate – mikili
clock – epimolo ya sa
cloud(s) – mpata
coast (geography) – mopanzi
coffee – cafe
cold – malili, mpio
colours (the) – ba langi
comb – lisanola
commercially processed cooking oil – samba
constipation – libumu likangani
cool – malili
copper (metal) – motako
corn – lisango (masango)
corner – litumu
corpse(s) – ebembe (bibembe)
correct (appropriate) – ndenge elongobani
country – mboka
country bumpkin – yuma
cow – ngombe mwasi
crazy men – batu na maboma
criminal (person) – kuluna
crocodile(s) – ngando (bangando)
crowd – likita
cup – kopo
cut (medical) – mpota

D
dam – nduka
daughter – mwana mwasi
dawn – ntongo
day(s) – mokolo (mikolo)
deacon – moyangeli
deaf – loko
dear – dii
decade – zomi
department – etuka
departure – bokei
descendant – eboto
desert – eliki, lisobe
devil – zabolo
diabetes – bokono bwa sukali
diamond – diaman
diesel – mazuti
difference – bokeseni
different – ekesani
difficult – pasi
dirt – mabele
dirty – bosoto, salite
disabled person – mokoni
dispute(s) – likambo (makambo)
dock workers (informal sector) – drogadeurs
doctor(s) – monganga (minganga)
dog – mbwa
domestic animal(s) – ebuele (bibuele)
donkey – mpunda
door – ekuke
down – nse
dowry – mosolo
dream – ndoto
drink (beverage) – komela
driver(s) – motambuisi (batambuisi)
drunk – kwiti
dustbin – fulu, zau
dysentery – pulupulu ya makila

E
each – moko, nionso
ear(s) – litoi (matoi)
earth – mabele
Earth – Mokili
east – monyele
easy – pete
egg(s) – likei (makei)
election – koponama
elections – maponami
electricity – monili
elephant – nzoku
elephant (K) – nzoko
elsewhere – esika esusu
enemy – monguna
especially – mingi mingi
Europe – poto
evening – mpokwa
every – nionso
ewe – meme ya mwasi
expensive – mutuya
eye(s) – liso (miso)

F
factory – maboma
falsehood – lokuta
family – libota
far – mosika
fast – mbango
father-in-law – bokilo mobali
female water spirit – mami wata
festival – eyenga
fetish priest – ngana nkisi
few – moke, mwaa
field(s) – elanga (bilanga)
fight – etumba
finger(s) – mosapi (misapi)
fire – milinga, molinga, moto
firewood – koni fish – mbisi
fish (cheap, imported) – mpiodi
fish(es) wrapped in leaves – liboke (maboke)
flag – bendele
flesh – mosuni (misuni)
flood – pela
flower – fololo
flower – mbe
fly (insect) – makongi
fog – londende, lopembe
foolish – elema
foolish, fearful person – mbakasa
foot – lokolo
football – motope
football game – lisano ya motope
footpath – nzela ya makolo
for – po, na
forceful person – pomba
foreign person – mundele (mindele)
foreigner(s) – mopaya (bapaya)
forest – zamba, esobe (bisobe)
fork – kanya
fox – gambala, mbwa na nzamba
fresh – malili
friend(s) – moninga (baninga)
frog – mombemba
from – uta
front – liboso
fruit – mbuma
funeral – matanga

G
garlic – litungulu ngenge
gasoline – esanzi
geography – zebi za mokili
geology – zebi za mabanga
ginger – tangawisi
giraffe – mondonga
glass – vere
goat – ntaba
God – Nzambe
gold – wolo
good – malamu
good luck – lupemba
goods – biloko
gorilla – mokomboso
government – leta
grand – monene
grandfather – tata nkoko
grandmother – mama nkoko
grapefruit – pamplemousse
grass (lawn) – lititi (matiti)
graveyard – lilita
green – langi ya mayi ya pondu
guava – lipela
gun – bondoki

H
haemorrhoids – mputa ya libumu
hair – suki
hairbrush – lisanola
half – kati
hand(s) – loboko (maboko)
hat(s) – ekoti (bikoti)
head(s) – moto (mitu)
health – bokolongono, sante
heart(s) – motema (mitema)
heartburn – motema moto
heat – moye
heaven – lola
hello – mbote
hen – nsoso mwasi
herb – lititi
here – awa
high – likola
hill – ngomba moke
hippopotamus – ngubu
history – mokolo
hoe – nkongo
hole (in a ruptured pipe) – lidusu
holiday(s) – mobembo (mibembo)
homemade – bile bya ekolo
honey – mafuta ya nzoi
hood (car) – capo
hope – elikya
horn(s) (animal) – liseke (maseke)
horse – mpunda
hot – molunge
hotel – otele
hour – ngonga
house – ndako
housekeeper – mwana ya mosala
how – boni
human(s) – moto (batu)
hunger – nzala, mia (K)
hyena – ekange

I
idea – likanisi
if – soki
immediately – noki
impatient person – motema moto
important – mutuya
in – na, nakati
in front of – ekoya, liboso
incorrect – miku
influenza – mullunge mabe mpe ketuketu
insect sting – monzuba
intelligent – mayele
interior – nakati
interpreter – lingisi
intestine(s) – mosopo (misopo)
iron (metal) – ebende
island – esanga
it – yango
itch – mukosa

J
jail – boloko
jaw – mbanga
jealousy – zuwa
joy(s) – esengo (bisengo)

K
kerosene – pitolo
key (lock) – fungola
kitchen – kuku
knife – mbeli

L
ladder – ebuteli
lake – etima
lamb – meme ya mwana
language – ndinga
language(s) – lokota (nkota), monoko (minoko)
large boats – baleinieres
large stream – mongala
law(s) – mobeko (mibeko)
lazy – goigoi
leader – mokambi
leaf (leaves) – likasa (makasa)
leave! (confrontational) – longwa!
left – loboko ya mwasi
lemon – libazi
leopard – nkoi
lesson – liteya
less-refined cooking oil – mosaka mwamba
lie (untruth) – lokuta
light – mwinda
lightning – monkalali
limit – nsuka
lion(s) – nkosi (bankosi)
little – mwaa
little brother – cadet
little sister – cadet
lizard(s) – muselekete (miselekete)
love – bolingo
low – nse
luck – sanse
luggage – biloko
lyric – liloba

M
mad (insane) – elema
magic – liloki
maize – lisango (masango), mboto
man (men) – moto (batu)
manioc – mpondu
manner – lolonge
many – ebele
market – zando
marriage – libala
meadow(s) – elanga (bilanga)
meal – bilei
meat(s) – nyama, mosuni (misuni)
medicine(s) – kisi
men – mibali
midday – nzanga
middle – kati kati
midwife – mobotisi
milk – miliki
minute (time) – monuti
miraculous – likamwisi
mirror – talatala
money – mbongo
monkey(s) – likako (makako)
month – sanza
morning – ntongo, tongo
mosquito – monkungi
mother-in-law – bokilo mwasi
mountain – ngomba
mourning – matanga
mouse – mpoko
mouth(s) – monoko (minoko)
mud – potopoto
mushroom – liyebu
mutton – nyama ya mpate

N
naked – bolumbu
name – kombo
nanny goat – ntaba mwasi
nationality – ekolo ya moto
neck – nkingo
new, naïve Kinshasa resident – mbokatier, mowuta
news – sango
next – ekoya, na nsima
next to – pembeni
nice – kitoko
night – butu
no – te
noise – makelele
non-alcoholic drink – masanga ya sukali
nose – zolo
not – te
nothing – eloko te
now – sik’oyo, sika
number – motango, mutuya
nurse – mokongeli mokoni

O
ocean – mbu
of – na, ya
oil – mafuta
okra – dongodongo
old – kala, mokolo
older brother – yaya
older sister – yaya
on – na, na likolo
on the left – na loboko ya mwasi
on the right – na loboko ya mobali
onion – litungulu
opening(s) – monoko (minoko)
or – to
orange (fruit) – ndimo
orange (fruit) (K) – lilala
ore – pawuni
other – mosusu, susu
others (the) – ba mosusu
out – libanda
owner – nkolo

P
pain (medical) – bolozi
palace – ndako ya bakonzi
palm oil – mwamba
palm tree – mbila
panther – nkoi
paper – mokanda
paradise – lola
parent(s) – moboti (baboti)
parrot – kukulu
parrot (K) – tchaku
part (object) – eteni
passport – epesa nzela
past – eleki
pastor (informal setting) – moteyi
patient (hospital) – mokoni
payment – lifuta
peace – kimia
eaceful – kimia
peanut butter – mwamba nguba
peanuts (K) – nguba
peas – kunde
pebble(s) – libanga (mabanga)
penis – likata
penis and scrotum – makata
pepper – pilipili
perfume – malasi
perhaps – tango mosusu
permanent – libela
petrol – essence
petroleum – pitolo
pharmacy – magazini ya kisi
pick-up truck – ki malu malu
piece – ndambo
pineapple – ananasi
pipe (plumbing) – pompe, tiyo
place(s) – esika (bisika)
plain – etando
plantain(s) – likemba (makemba)
plantation(s) – elanga (bilanga)
plate(s) – sani (basani)
plot (land) – lopango
poison – ngenge
police – polisi, soldat
polio – bukabuka
pond – etima moke
poor (person) – mobola
porcupine – nsimbilikil na zamba
potato (K) – mbala
potato(es) – libenge (mabenge)
prayer – losambo
pregnant – zemi
pride – enzombo
problem(s) – likambo (makambo)
professor (formal setting) – molakisi
proud – lolendo
pumpkin – ekutu
pygmy(ies) – mukuse (mikuse)

Q
question(s) – motuna (mituna)
quick – mbango, na mbango
quickly – na mbango

R
rabbit – nsimbiliki na ndako
rain – mbula
rainbow – monama
ram – meme mobali
rat – mpu, mpuku
razor – gillette
really – penza
reason – ntina
red – langi ya motane
refugee – mokimeli
religion – mambi ya nzambe
remain – tikala
restaurant – malewa
rheumatism – mingai
rice – loso
right – loboko ya mobali
ripe – eteli
river(s) – ebale (bibale)
room – suku
rope – mokulu
rubber – ndembo
runner(s) – mokima (bakima)
rusty – egugi

S
sad – mawa
salad lettuce – ndunda mobesu
salt – mungwa
same – ndenge
sand – zelo
savings – likelemba
school – eteyelo
school boy/school girl – moyekeli, mwana ya kelasi
science – zebi
scissors – makasi
sea – mbu
second (time) – segonde
sex worker – ndumba
shadow – elili
shirt – simisi
shoe – mokoto
shop(s) – magazini (bamagazini)
short – kuse, mukuse
shoulder(s) – lipeka (mapeka)
shovel – mpau
sin – sumuki
since – uta
singer(s) – moyembi (baymebi)
sister(s) – ndeko (bandeko)
sitting room – esika ya masolo
skin – loposo (mposo)
sky – likolo
slow – malembe
slowly – malembe
small – moke, mwaa
small river – mongala
small-scale rural traders – ngundeurs
snail – libelekete
so – boye
so far – bongo
soap – sabuni
soil – nse
soldier (soldiers) – solda (basolda)
something – eloko
song – nzembo
sorcerer – ndoki
sorcery – kindoki
sore (medical) – bolozi
sorry – bolimbisi
soup – supu
sour – bololo
spectacles – talatala
spicy – bokenzu
spoon – lutu
sport(s) – lisano (masano)
squirrel – esende
star(s) – monzoto (minzoto)
state – ekolo, leta
statue – ekeko
steam – molinga
steam (K) – milinga
still – nainu
stomach – libumu
stone(s) – libanga (mabanga)
store(s) – magazini (bamagazini)
storm – ekumbaki
stranger(s) – mopaya (bapaya)
stream (water) – moluka
street – balabala
string – singa
strong – makasi
strong, courageous person – yanke
stupid – zoba
sugar – sukali
sun – moi
sun – mwese
surprise – bokamwi
sweet potato – mbala

T
table – mesa
tail (animal) – lopele
talk(s) – lisolo (masolo)
tall – mulayi
teacher – molakisi, moteyi
team – lisanga
tent – ema
that – ke
the Church – eklezya
the world – molongo mobima
them – yango
then – na nsima
there – kuna
there (a specific place) – wana
these – oyo
they – yango
thief – moyibi
thing – mpo
thirst – mposa
this – oyo
thought – likanisi
thunder – nkake
thus – bongo, boye
ticket – tike
time – tango
time (frequency) – mbala
tip (restaurant) – matabisi, mive
tobacco – likaya
today – lelo
toe(s) – mosapi (misapi)
together – elongo
toilet – kabine, wese, zongo
tomato – tomati
tomorrow – lobi
tongue – lolemo
tools – esaleli
tooth (teeth) – lino (mino)
toothbrush – brush
toothpaste – kisi ya mino
tortoise – nkoba
town – engumba
trash can – fulu, zau
tree(s) – mwete (banzete)
tree(s) (K) – nzete (banzete)
trip(s) – mobembo (mibembo)
truck – motuka ya munene

U
umbrella – ngembu
uncle – noko
under – na nse
university – kelasi likolo
until – kino, ti
up – likolo
urine – minya

V
vagina – libolo
valley – lobwaku
vegetables – ndunda
vein(s) – mosisa (misisa)
very – mingi
very near to – penepene
veterinarian – monganga ya banyama
village – mboka
voice – mongingo, ndinga

W
walker – motambola
war – bitumba
water – mayi
water well – libulu ya mayi
waterfall – meta
wave – mbonge
week – poso
well – libulu
west – elozi
wheel – yika
where – wapi
white – langi ya pembe
white-collar criminal – kuluna en cravate
who – nani
whole – mobimba
whose – ya nani
why – po na nini
wide – monene
widow – mwasi ya mokuya
wife (wives) – mwasi (basi)
wild boar – ngulu, sombo
wind – mopepe
window(s) – lininisi (maninisi)
witch children – sheta, tsor
wolf – mbwa na nzamba
woman (women) – mwasi (basi)
wonderful – likamwisi
work colleague – moto ya mosala
work(s) – mosala (misala)
workers – ba travailleurs
world – molongo
wound (medical) – mpota
wristwatch – sa

X

Y
yam – mboma
yard – yadi
year – mbula
yesterday – lobi
yet – nainu
younger brother – leki
younger sister – leki
yourself – yo moko

Z

7.2 Lingala-English vocabulary

A
ananasi – pineapple
awa – here

B
ba – about
ba langi – the colours
ba mosusu – the others
ba travailleurs – the workers
baboti – parents
balabala – street
bale – ball
baleinieres – large boats
bank – bank
banso – all
batisimu – baptism
batu na maboma – crazy men
bendele – flag
bile bya ekolo – homemade
bilei – meal
biloko – goods, luggage
bitabe – banana
bitumba – war
boboto – peace
bokamwi – surprise
bokei – departure
bokenzu – spicy
bokeseni – difference
bokilo – brother-in-law
bokilo mobali – father-in-law
bokilo mwasi – mother-in-law
bokolongono – health
bokono bwa sukali – diabetes
bolimbisi – sorry
bolingo – love
boloko – jail
bololo – sour
bolozi – pain, sore (medical)
bolumbu – naked
bondoki – gun
bongo – brain
bongo – so far, thus
boni – how
bopeto – clean
boponi – choice
bosoto – dirty
botte – boot
boye – so, thus
brush – toothbrush
bukabuka – polio
butu – night
buku – book

C
cadet – little brother, little sister
cafe – coffee
capo – bonnet (car), hood (car)
chicwangue – cassava loaf
chocolat – chocolate
cossettes – cassava chips
cuisinair – chef

D
diaman – diamond
dii – dear
dongodongo – okra
drogadeurs – informal sector dock workers

E
ebale (bibale) – river(s)
ebele – a lot, many
ebembe (bibembe) – corpse(s)
ebende – iron (metal)
eboto – descendant, parent
ebuele (bibuele) – domestic animal(s)
ebuteli – ladder
egugi – rusty
ekange – hyena
ekeko – statue
ekesani – different
eklezya – the Church
ekolo – basket, state
ekolo ya moto – nationality
ekomeli – pen
ekoti (bikoti) – hat(s)
ekoya – in front of, next
ekuke – door
ekumbaki – storm
ekutu – pumpkin
elanga (bilanga) – field(s), meadow(s), plantation(s)
eleki – behind, past
elema – foolish, mad (insane)
eliki – desert
elikya – hope
elili – shadow
eloko – something
eloko te – nothing
elongo – together
elozi – west
ema – tent
engumba – city, town
enzombo – pride
epesa nzela – passport
epimolo ya sa – clock
esaleli – tools
esanga – island
esende – squirrel
esengo (bisengo) – joy(s)
esi – already
esika (bisika) – place(s)
esika esusu – elsewhere
esika ya masolo – sitting room
esobe (bisobe) – forest(s)
essence – petrol
etalaka – bridge
etanda – bench
etando – plain
eteli – ripe
eteni – part (object)
eteyelo – school
etima – lake
etima moke – pond
etuka – department
etumba – fight
eyano – answer
eyenga – festival

F
fololo – flower
fufu – cassava flour
fulu – dustbin, trash can
fungola – key

G
gambala – fox
gillette – razor
goigoi – lazy

H

I

J

K
kabinda – carpenter
kabine – toilet
kadago – child soldier
kala – old
kalati – card
kanya – fork
kasi – but
kati – half
kati kati – middle
ke – that
kelasi – classroom
kelasi likolo – university
ki malu malu – pick-up truck
kimia – peace, peaceful
kimpuka (bimpuka) – cassava paste(s)
kindoki – sorcery
kino – until
kisi – medicine
kisi ya mino – toothpaste
kiti – chair
kitoko – beautiful, nice, pretty
komba – broom
kombo – name
komela – drink (beverage)
koni – firewood
kopo – cup
koponama – election
kuku – kitchen
kukulu – parrot
kuluna – criminal
kuluna en cravate – white-collar criminal
kuna – there
kunde – peas
kuse – short
kwiti – drunk

L
langi ya mayi ya pondu – green
langi ya motane – red
langi ya mwindu – black
langi ya pembe – white
leki – younger brother, younger sister
lelo – today
leta – government, state
libala – marriage
libanda – out
libandi – bald-headed
libanga (mabanga) – pebble(s), stone(s)
libazi – lemon
libela – permanent
libelekete – snail
libenge (mabenge) – potato(es)
liboke (maboke) – fish(es) wrapped in leaves
libolo – vagina
libongo – beach
liboso – front, in front of
libota – family
libulu – well
libulu ya mayi – water well
libumu – stomach
libumu likangani – constipation
lidusu – hole (in a ruptured pipe)
lifuta – payment
likako (makako) – monkey(s)
likambo (makambo) – dispute(s), problem(s)
likamwisi – miraculous, wonderful
likanisi – idea, thought
likasa (makasa) – leaf (leaves)
likata – penis
likaya – cigarette, tobacco
likei (makei) – egg(s)
likelemba – savings
likemba (makemba) – plantain(s)
likita – crowd
likola – high
likolo – sky, up
lilala – orange (K)
lilita – cemetery, graveyard
liloba – lyrics
liloki – magic
lingisi – interpreter
lininisi (maninisi) – window(s)
lino (mino) – tooth (teeth)
lipa – bread
lipeka (mapeka) – shoulder(s)
lipela – guava
lisanga – team
lisango (masango) – sweet corn, maize
lisano (masano) – sport(s)
lisano ya motope – football game
lisanola – comb, hairbrush
lisasi – cartridge
liseke (maseke) – horn(s) (animal)
liso (miso) – eye(s)
lisobe – desert
lisolo (masolo) – chat(s), talk(s)
litama (matama) – cheek(s)
liteya – lesson
lititi – herb
lititi (matiti) – grass (lawn)
litoi (matoi) – ear(s)
litumu – corner
litungulu – onion
litungulu ngenge – garlic
liyebu – mushroom
lobi – tomorrow, yesterday
loboko (maboko) – hand(s)
loboko ya mobali – right
loboko ya mwasi – left
lobwaku – valley
loko – deaf
lokolo – foot
lokota (nkota) – language(s)
lokuta – falsehood, lie
lola – heaven, paradise
lolemo – tongue
lolendo – proud
lolonge – manner
londende – fog
longwa! – leave! (confrontational)
lopango – plot (land)
lopele – tail (animal)
lopembe – fog
loposo (mposo) – skin(s)
losambo – prayer
loso – rice
lupemba – good luck
lutu – spoon

M

mabe – bad
mabele – earth, soil
mabele (libele) – breast(s), breast milk
maboko – finger(s)
maboma – factory
madesu – beans
mafuta – oil
mafuta ya mabila – clear, cooking oil
mafuta ya nzoi – honey
magazini (bamagazini) – shop(s), store(s)
magazini ya kisi – pharmacy
makala – charcoal
makasi – scissors, strong
makata – penis and scrotum
makelele – noise
makila – blood
makolo – toe(s)
makongi – fly (insect)
malamu – good
malasi – perfume
malembe – slow, slowly
malewa – restaurant
malili – cold, cool, fresh
mama nkoko – grandmother
mambi ya nzambe – religion
mami wata – a female water spirit
mandefu – beard
maponami – elections
masanga – alcoholic drink
masanga ya sukali – non-alcoholic drink
matabisi – a tip (restaurant)
matanga – funeral, mourning
mateka – butter
matungana – boil (cooking)
mawa – sad
mayele – intelligent
mayi – water
mazuti – diesel
mbakasa – a foolish, fearful person
mbala – potato (K), sweet potato
mbala – time (frequency)
mbanga – jaw
mbango – fast, quick
mbanzi – bamboo
mbe – flower
mbeli – knife
mbeto – bed
mbila – palm tree
mbisi – fish
mboka – country, village
mbokatier – a new, naïve Kinshasa resident
mboloko – antelope
mboma – yam
mbonge – wave
mbongo – money
mbotama – birth
mbote – hello
mboto – maize
mbu – ocean, sea
mbula – rain, year
mbuma – fruit
mbwa – dog
mbwa na nzamba – fox, wolf
meme mobali – ram
meme ya mwasi – ewe
meme ya mwana – lamb
mesa – table
meta – waterfall
mia – hungry (K)
mibali – men
mikili – climate
miku – incorrect
miliki – milk
milinga – fire, steam (K)
mingai – rheumatism
mingi – very
mingi mingi – especially
minya – urine
mive – tip (restaurant)
mobeko (mibeko) – law(s)
mobembo (mibembo) – holiday(s), trip(s)
mobimba – whole
mobola – poor (person)
moboti (baboti) – parent(s)
mobotisi – midwife
moi – sun
mokambi – leader
mokanda – paper
moke – few, small
Mokili – Earth
mokima (bakima) – runner(s)
mokimeli – refugee
moko – each
mokolo – history, old
mokolo (mikolo) – day(s)
mokomboso – chimp, gorilla
mokongeli mokoni – nurse
mokongo (mikongo) – back(s) (animal, person)
mokoni – disabled person, patient (hospital)
mokoto – shoe
mokulu – rope
mokuse (mikuse) – pygmy(ies)
mokuwa (mikuwa) – bone(s)
molakisi – professor (formal setting), teacher
molangi (milangi) – bottle(s)
molinga – fire, steam
mololanda – blind (vision)
molongo – the world
moluka – stream
molunge – hot
mombemba – frog
mombongo – a business
monama – rainbow
mondonga – giraffe
monene – broad, grand, wide
mongala – large stream, small river
monganga (minganga) – doctor(s)
monganga ya banyama – veterinarian
mongingo – voice
monguna – enemy
monili – electricity
moninga (baninga) – friend(s)
monkalali – lightning
monkungi – mosquito
monoko (minoko) – language(s), mouth(s), opening(s)
monona – salt
monuti – minute (time)
monyele – east
monzoto (minzoto) – star(s)
monzuba – insect sting
mopanzi – coast (geology)
mopaya (bapaya) – foreigner(s), stranger(s)
mopepe – wind, air
mosaka mwamba – less-refined cooking oil
mosala (misala) – work(s)
mosapi (misapi) – finger(s), toe(s)
mosika – far
mosisa (misisa) – vein(s)
mosolo – dowry
mosopo (misopo) – intestine(s)
mosuni (misuni) – flesh, meat(s)
mosusu – other
motako – copper (metal)
motambola – walker
motambuisi (batambuisi) – driver(s)
motango – number
motema (mitema) – heart(s)
motema moto – an impatient person, heartburn
moteyi – pastor (informal setting), teacher
moto – fire
moto (batu) – human(s), man (men)
moto (mitu) – head(s)
moto ya mosala – work colleague
motope – football
motuka (mituka) – car(s)
motuka ya munene – truck
motuna (mituna) – question(s)
motuya – bill (restaurant)
mowuta – a new, naïve Kinshasa resident
moyangeli – deacon
moye – heat
moyekeli – school boy
moyembi (bayembi) – singer(s)
moyi – day
moyibi – thief
mpakasa – buffalo
mpasi ya mukongo – back pain
mpata – cloud(s)
mpau – shovel
mpio – cold
mpiodi – a type of cheap, imported fish, also called Thompson
mpo – affair, thing
mpoko – mouse
mpokwa – evening
mpondu – manioc
mposa – thirst
mpota – cut, wound (medical)
mpu – rat
mpuku – rat
mpunda – donkey, horse
mputa ya libumu – haemorrhoids
mukosa – itch
mukuse – pygmy, short
mukuwa (mikuwa) – bone(s)
mulayi – tall
mulunge mabe mpe ketuketu – influenza
mulunge – hot
mundele (mindele) – a foreign person, usually white, and usually from Europe or North America
mungwa – salt
muselekete (miselekete) – lizard(s)
mutuya – expensive, important, number
mwaa – few, little, small
mwamba – palm oil
mwamba nguba – peanut butter
mwana (bana) – child (children)
mwana mwasi – daughter
mwana ya kelasi – school boy/school girl
mwana ya mosala – housekeeper
mwasi (basi) – wife (wives), woman (women)
mwasi ya mokuya – widow
mwese – sun
mwete (banzete) – tree(s)
mwinda – light

N
na – and, in, of, on
na likolo – on
na loboko ya mobali – on the right
na loboko ya mwasi – on the left
na mbango – quick, quickly
na nse – under
na nsima – next, then
nainu – still, yet
nakati – in, interior
nani – who
ndako – house
ndako nzambe – a church
ndako ya bakonzi – palace
ndambo – bit, piece
ndeke (bandeke) – bird(s)
ndeko (bandeko) – brother(s), sister(s)
ndembo – rubber
ndenge – same
ndenge elongobani – correct, appropriate
ndimo – orange
ndinga – language, voice
ndoki – sorcerer
ndoto – dream
nduka – dam
ndumba – sex worker
ndunda – vegetables
ndunda mobesu – salad lettuce
ngai moko – alone
ngana nkisi – fetish priest
nganda – bar (drinking)
ngando (bangando) – crocodile(s)
ngembo – bat
ngembu – umbrella
ngenge – poison
ngomba – mountain
ngomba moke – hill
ngombe mobali – bull
ngombe mwasi – cow
ngonga – hour
nguba – peanuts (K)
ngubu – hippopotamus
ngulu – wild boar
ngundeurs – small-scale rural traders
ngungutu – aubergine
niama (baniama) – animal(s)
niao – cat
nionso – each, every
nkake – thunder
nkingo – neck
nkisi – charms
nkoba – tortoise
nkoi – leopard, panther
nkolo – owner
nkongo – hoe
nkosi (bankosi) – lion(s)
noki – immediately
noko – uncle
nse – down, low, soil
nsimbiliki na ndako – rabbit
nsimbilikil na zamba – porcupine
nsongo – cassava
nsoso mwasi – hen
nsuka – limit
ntaba – goat
ntaba mobali – billy goat
ntaba mwasi – nanny goat
ntina – reason
ntongo – dawn, morning
nyama – meat
nyama ya mpate – mutton
nyama ya ngombe – beef
nzala – hunger
nzale – buffalo
Nzambe – God
nzanga – midday
nzela ya makolo – footpath
nzembo – song
nzete (banzete) – tree(s) (K)
nzoko – elephant (K)
nzoku – elephant
nzoto – body (person)

O
osi – already
otele – hotel
oyo – these, this

P
pamplemousse – grapefruit
pasi – difficult
pawuni – ore
pe – and
pela – flood
pembeni – next to
penepene – very near to
penza – really
pete – easy
pilipili – pepper
pitolo – kerosene, petroleum
plafond – ceiling
po – because
po na – for
po na nini – why
polisi – police
pompe – pipe (plumbing)
poso – week
poto – Europe
potopoto – clay, mud
pulupulu ya makila – dysentery
pulupulu ya nsomo – cholera
pusi – cat
putulu – ash

Q

R

S
sa – wristwatch
sabuni – soap
salite – dirty
samba – commercially processed cooking oil
sango – news
sani (basani) – plate(s)
sanse – luck
sante – health
sanza – month
sefu – chief
segonde – second (time)
sheta – witch children
sik’oyo – now
sika – now
sima – after, behind
sima nzanga – afternoon
simisi – shirt
sinema – cinema
singa – string
soka – axe
soki – if
solda (basolda) – soldier(s)
solo – correct
sombo – wild boar
soso – chicken
sukali – sugar
suki – hair
suku – room
sumuki – sin
supu – soup
susu – other

T
talatala – mirror, spectacles
tangawisi – ginger
tango – time
tango mosusu – perhaps
tata nkoko – grandfather
tchaku – parrot (K)
te – no, not
ti – until
tikala – remain
tike – ticket
tiyo – pipe (plumbing)
to – or
tomati – tomato
tongo – morning
tsor – witch children

U
uta – from, since

V
vere – glass

W
wana – there (a specific place)
wapi – where
wese – toilet
wolo – gold

X

Y
ya – of
ya nani – whose
yadi – yard
yango – it, them, they
yanke – a strong, courageous person
yaya – older brother, older sister
Yesu – Jesus
yika – wheel
yo moko – yourself
yuma – foolish

Z
zabolo – the devil
zamba – forest
zando – market
zau – dustbin, trashcan
zebi – science
zebi za mabanga – geology
zebi za mokili – geography
zelo – sand
zemi – pregnant
zoba – stupid
zolo – nose
zomi – decade
zongo – toilet
zuwa – jealousy

5 Responses to Section 7. Vocabulary

  1. Amy says:

    This is outstanding. It is organized so well and is readily facilitating my learning of Lingala immensely! Thank you so much for taking the time to create this and to share it with others. It is a valuable resource, especially when so few materials are available. Melesi!

  2. Nyam Beche says:

    You have done a marvellous job to bring all these lessons (from Section 1 to 7) to the attention of the numerous people whose mother tongue is not Lingala but want to learn the language. Your site is user-friendly and very informative for even beginner learners. I come from an English-speaking West African country but I like learning other languages. I can speak and write French and wanted to learn Hebrew, but Lingala has been the language I really yearned to learn for a long time, since I was growing up as a teenager, partly because of the dominance of Congolese music in the whole of Africa for several decades. I wish I had come across your site before. Thanks for creating it. Through it, my Lingala vocabulary has started to increase. Nzambe a pambola yo!

  3. Joshuah says:

    This is great one, I am learning from it and finding it more easier due to its arrangement. Bandeko hii mambi ni kama imewekwa nkisi ndani.

  4. chrispin Daka says:

    This site has been so helpful in learning and polishing skills in lingala speaking. Pls add popular sayings/proverbs. Thanx

  5. Gabriel Kolly says:

    Wow. This is great.

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